NCCPH

This book brings together 16 cases of ethical issues encountered across a range of public health issues and sectors and presents accompanying analyses by leading experts in public health ethics. The book's foreword was written by former Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB) Director, Dr. Ross Upshur.

The casebook was supported by financial and in-kind contributions by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy, and Public Health Ontario. The views herein do not necessarily reflect those of the contributing organizations and these organizations cannot assume responsibility for the accuracy of content.

To download (3.16 MB, on the site of the Joint Centre for Bioethics at the University of Toronto).

This evidence review describes the elements required to assess safety of genetically modified animals and addresses the following questions: (1) What types of human health risks are associated with consumption of genetically modified foods, in general? (2) What are the general attitudes among Canadian consumers toward genetically modified animals intended for human consumption? (3) What are some of the health concerns associated with consumption of transgenic animals that are currently undergoing food safety review?

 
On January 15–16, 2013, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Institute of Population and Public Health (IPPH), the National Collaborating Centres for Public Health (NCCPH), the Canadian Population Health Initiative of the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CPHI-CIHI) and the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), partnered to co-host Advancing Population and Public Health Economics in Toronto, Ontario. This workshop was organized to ask experts in economics how the funding, generation, dissemination and use of economic evidence might be enhanced to better develop population and public health policies and programs in Canada.

Click here to download the report  PDF 288 K

(Source of the text on this page: Advancing Population and Public Health Economics: Workshop Proceedings, pp. 2 and 5)
This fact sheet provides a general introduction to Aboriginal health in Canada and to the broad context in which Aboriginal communities, health practitioners, policymakers and researchers seek to improve the health and well-being of Aboriginal peoples. Specifically, it provides an overview of Aboriginal peoples, the social determinants that impact their health, current health status indicators, and the jurisdictional framework for Aboriginal health policies and programs.
Wicked problems are particularly complex, persistent and hard-to-resolve. They are commonly encountered in public policy work, and notably within the public health sector. Wicked problems defy the usual linear approaches and are not amenable to straightforward solutions. One of the reasons they are particularly difficult to resolve is because they are usually intertwined with other complex issues. Health inequalities, for example, may be tied to a multitude of issues such as poverty, education, race/ethnicity or gender.

This fact sheet by the NCC for Healthy Public Policy defines the essential features of wicked problems, differentiates them from other kinds of problem, and discusses how they might be addressed.

This report provides a broad overview of socio-economic determinants of Indigenous health, including income, education, unemployment or working conditions, housing, community and social support, health care access, early childhood influences and education, healthy living, substance use (including alcohol, tobacco, and drugs), nutrition, and social exclusion. It also presents information on current interventions and their effectiveness.

See the related web story.
The four public health roles is a framework that can help organizations make health equity a strategic focus of their governance, policies, and partnerships.

To learn more, click here.
 
NCCMT is committed to sharing stories that illustrate how organizations across Canada are implementing evidence-informed public health (EIPH). This is the first in a planned series that talks about the state of EIPH in Canada.

Peel Public Health is now well-known as an organization that supports evidence-informed practice, but how did they get started? Dr. Megan Ward, Assistant Medical Officer of Health for the Region of Peel, explains how that journey began with a consultation from NCCMT. Dr. Ward and other key staff members talk about the challenges and triumphs that have resulted from Peel's commitment to the systematic use of research evidence. This video shares tips on how to get started with EIPH no matter the size of your organization.

To learn more, click here.

This detailed review set out to answer the question about whether cardiovascular effects from traffic pollution were related more to noise or air pollution. Despite correlations observed between noise and air-pollution, there was very little confounding; these traffic-related pollutants had independent effects on cardiovascular outcomes. 

Image: © iStockphoto.com/ egdigital
This background paper presents a review and analysis of the literature at the intersection of the fields of health economics and public health.
Learn about resources from the six NCCs for Public Health

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